Repeat tuberculin skin testing leads to desensitisation in naturally infected tuberculous cattle which is associated with elevated interleukin-10 and decreased interleukin-1 beta responses.

Coad, M., Clifford, D., Rhodes, S.G., Hewinson, R.G., Vordermeier, H.M., Whelan, A.O.
Journal   Vet Res.
Species  
Analytes Measured   IL-10 , IL-12 Total , IL-4
Matrix Tested   Cell culture supernatants
Year   2010
Volume   41
Page Numbers  
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines
Abstract
The principal surveillance tool used to control bovine tuberculosis in cattle is the removal of animals that provide a positive response to the tuberculin skin-test. In this study we performed a longitudinal investigation of the immunological and diagnostic consequences of repeated short-interval skin-tests in cattle naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis. Tuberculin skin-test positive cattle were subjected to up to four further intradermal comparative cervical skin-tests at approximately 60-day intervals. A significant progressive reduction in the strength of the skin-test was observed after successive tests. In contrast, the magnitude of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) responses was not influenced by repeat skin-testing either transiently around the time of each skin-test or longitudinally following repeated tests. A significant boost in blood interleukin-10 (IL-10) production was observed within 3 days following each skin-test although the magnitude of this boosted response returned to lower levels by day 10 post-test. The application of a novel multiplex assay to simultaneously measure seven Cytokines & Chemokines also identified that skin-testing resulted in a significant and progressive reduction in antigen specific interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) whilst confirming stable IFN-gamma and elevated IL-10 responses in the blood. Therefore, we have demonstrated that in cattle naturally infected with M. bovis, repeat short-interval skin-testing can lead to a progressive reduction in skin-test responsiveness which has potential negative consequences for the detection of infected animals with marginal or inconclusive skin-test responses. The desensitising effect is associated with decreased IL-1beta and elevated IL-10 responses, but importantly, does not influence antigen specific IFN-gamma responses.

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Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
Human IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Human IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Mouse IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Mouse IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Rat IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Rat IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
V-PLEX Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Rat IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Rat
Singleplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Rat IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Rat
Singleplex
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Rat Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Rat
Human ProInflammatory 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human ProInflammatory 9-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human TH1/TH2 10-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human TH1/TH2 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13 | Human
Multiplex
Canine IL-10 Ultra-Sensitive Kit
IL-10 | Canine
Singleplex
Human IL-12 total Tissue Culture Kit
IL-12 (total) | Human
Singleplex
Human IL-10 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
Mouse IL-10 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
Mouse IL-12 total Tissue Culture Kit
IL-12 (total) | Mouse
Singleplex
Mouse IL-12 total Ultra-Sensitive Kit
IL-12 (total) | Mouse
Singleplex
Mouse ProInflammatory 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
Mouse TH1/TH2 9-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12 (total), KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
Human IL-4 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-4 | Human
Singleplex
Mouse IL-4 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-4 | Mouse
Singleplex
MA6000 Human IL-4 384 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-4 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse Cytokine 29-Plex Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17C, IL-17E/IL-25, IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27p28/IL-30, IL-31, IL-33, IP-10, KC/GRO, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-2, MIP-3α, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Rat IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Rat
Singleplex
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