HMGB1 mediates splenomegaly and expansion of splenic CD11b+ Ly-6Chigh inflammatory monocytes in murine sepsis survivors.

Valdés-Ferrer SI, Rosas-Ballina M, Olofsson PS, Lu B, Dancho ME, Ochani M, Li JH, Scheinerman JA, Katz DA, Levine YA, Hudson LK, Yang H, Pavlov VA, Roth J, Blanc L, Antoine DJ, Chavan SS, Andersson U, Diamond B, Tracey KJ.
Journal   J Intern Med.
Species  
Analytes Measured   IL-10 , IL-12 p70 , IL-6
Matrix Tested   Plasma
Year   2013
Volume  
Page Numbers  
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines
Abstract
More than 500,000 hospitalized patients survive severe sepsis annually in the USA. Recent epidemiological evidence, however, demonstrated that these survivors have significant morbidity and mortality, with 3-year fatality rates higher than 70%. To study this 'severe sepsis survivor syndrome', we recently described an animal model of murine peritonitis, in which surviving animals were monitored for several months after recovery from acute perforated bowel and infection. Unexpectedly, in the present study, we observed that apparently normal animals developed significant splenomegaly following severe sepsis. Analysis of the principal splenic cellular compartments revealed a major expansion of the inflammatory CD11b+ Ly-6Chigh pool. Serum high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) levels in the mice that survived sepsis were significantly elevated for 4 to 6 weeks after the acute infection, and administration of an anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody significantly reversed splenomegaly. Administration of recombinant HMGB1 to healthy mice mediated splenomegaly, indicating that prolonged elevation of HMGB1 is a necessary and sufficient mediator of splenomegaly and splenocyte expansion in severe sepsis survivors.

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Multiplex
V-PLEX NHP Cytokine 24-Plex Kit
Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX NHP IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX NHP IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP Cytokine 24-Plex Kit
Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
Human IL-6 Antibody Bulk Product
IL-6
Human IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Human IL-12p70 Antibody
IL-12p70
Mouse IL-6 Antibody
IL-6
Mouse IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Mouse IL-12p70 Antibody
IL-12p70
Rat IL-6 Antibody
IL-6
Rat IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
V-PLEX Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human IL-12p70 Kit
IL-12p70 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human Proinflammatory Panel I (4-Plex)
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human Proinflammatory Panel II (4-Plex)
IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-12p70 Kit
IL-12p70 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-12p70 Kit
IL-12p70 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Proinflam. Panel I (4-Plex)
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Proinflam. Panel II (4-Plex)
IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-12p70 Kit
IL-12p70 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
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