Prostaglandin E2: a putative potency indicator of the immunosuppressive activity of human mesenchymal stem cells.

Solchaga, LA, Zale, EA.
Journal   Am J Stem Cell
Species  
Analytes Measured   HGF , IL-10 , Flt-1 VEGFR1
Matrix Tested   Cell culture supernatants
Year   2012
Volume   1
Page Numbers   138-145
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines
Abstract
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are non-hematopoietic, pluripotent cells that give rise to stromal cells in the marrow. MSCs have been shown to be immunosuppressive and have become an attractive therapeutic option for the modulation of undesired immune responses. Currently, ex vivo expanded human (h)MSCs are being utilized in clinical trials both in the USA and in Europe to treat a variety of immune disorders. hMSCs need to be harvested, isolated and expanded in culture. This necessary expansion may also result in decrease or loss of the immunomodulatory potential of hMSCs. Ideally, the intrinsic immunomodulatory activity (potency) of an hMSC preparation should be assessed prior to its administration. The goal of the experiments described here was to develop a simple potency assay for the immunomodulatory properties of hMSCs. The immunosuppressive activity of hMSCs conditioned media was tested in enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot assays (ELISpot) and the immunosuppressive activity of the conditioned media was correlated with the concentration of several cytokines present in these conditioned media. The concentration of prostaglandin E2 in the media correlated with their immunosuppressive activity. The concentration of the other cytokines measured did not correlate with the immunosuppressive activity of the media. The dose-response effect could be replicated by adding PGE2 to ELISpot assays. Furthermore, the immunosuppressive activity of the conditioned media was inhibitable by a neutralizing anti-PGE2 antibody. These data suggest that measurement of PGE2 in media conditioned by hMSCs exposed to inflammatory stimuli could be used as a surrogate measure of their immunosuppressive capacity. These findings need to be confirmed in vitro using different assays of immune function and validated in vivo to determine the level of correlation of these data with efficacy in pre-clinical models of immune disorders.

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Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human Flt-1 Kit
VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Flt-1 Kit
VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Singleplex
Human IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Mouse IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Rat IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
V-PLEX Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Rat IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Rat
Singleplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Rat IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Rat
Singleplex
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Rat Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Rat
Human ProInflammatory 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human ProInflammatory 9-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human TH1/TH2 10-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human TH1/TH2 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13 | Human
Multiplex
Canine IL-10 Ultra-Sensitive Kit
IL-10 | Canine
Singleplex
Human IL-10 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
Human Growth Factor I Kit
FGF (basic), PlGF, VEGF-A, VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Multiplex
Human HGF Kit
HGF | Human
Singleplex
Mouse IL-10 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
Mouse ProInflammatory 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
Mouse TH1/TH2 9-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12 (total), KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Mouse Cytokine 29-Plex Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17C, IL-17E/IL-25, IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27p28/IL-30, IL-31, IL-33, IP-10, KC/GRO, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-2, MIP-3α, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
U-PLEX Biomarker Group 1 NHP Assays
CTACK, ENA-78, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-2, Eotaxin-3, FLT3L, Fractalkine, G-CSF, GM-CSF, GRO-α, I-309, IFN-α2a, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1RA, IL-2, IL-2Rα, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17F, IL-18, IL-22, IL-23, IP-10, I-TAC, MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MCP-4, M-CSF, MDC, MIF, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, MIP-3α, MIP-3β, MIP-5, SDF-1α, TARC, TGF-β1, TGF-β2, TGF-β3, TNF-α, TNF-β, TPO, TRAIL, VEGF-A, YKL-40 | Non-human primate
V-PLEX Plus Mouse Cytokine 29-Plex Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17C, IL-17E/IL-25, IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27p28/IL-30, IL-31, IL-33, IP-10, KC/GRO, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-2, MIP-3α, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
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