CD44-deficiency on hematopoietic cells limits T-cell number but does not protect against atherogenesis in LDL receptor-deficient mice.

Sjöberg, S., Eriksson, E.E., Tivesten, A., Carlsson, A., Klasson, A., Levin, M., Borén, J., Krettek, A.
Journal   Atherosclerosis.
Species  
Analytes Measured   IL-10 , IL-12 Total , IL-2 , IL-4 , IL-5
Matrix Tested   Cell culture supernatants
Year   2009
Volume   206
Page Numbers   369-74
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Vascular and inflammatory cells express adhesion molecule CD44. We demonstrated previously that enhanced CD44 localizes in human atherosclerotic lesions. Apolipoprotein E/cd44 double-deficient mice and apolipoprotein E-deficient mice transplanted with CD44-deficient bone marrow (BM) exhibit reduced atherosclerosis. Since CD44 is a novel factor in atherogenesis, it is imperative that it is investigated in more than one animal model to conclusively determine its role in this particular disease pathology. To test the hypothesis that CD44 expressed by hematopoietic cells plays a critical role in atherogenesis in the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient mouse model, we performed BM reconstitution experiments.

METHODS: Lethally irradiated LDL receptor-deficient mice were transplanted with either CD44-deficient or wild-type BM. Beginning 10 weeks after successful reconstitution, mice consumed a cholesterol-enriched atherogenic diet for 6 or 11 weeks.

RESULTS: Surprisingly, CD44-deficiency on BM-derived inflammatory cells did not affect lesion size. Additionally, neither group displayed differences in smooth muscle cell, macrophage, collagen, or elastin content as well as lipoprotein levels. However, lesions in CD44-deficient BM-recipient mice contained fewer T-cells compared to wild-type BM mice. Interestingly, CD44-deficient T-cells expressed less chemokine receptor-5 mRNA. Furthermore, in vivo leukocyte adhesion decreased in CD44-deficient mice compared to wild-type mice.

CONCLUSION: This study surprisingly revealed that atherogenesis does not require CD44 expression on hematopoietic cells in the LDL receptor-deficient mouse model. However, CD44 promotes T-cell recruitment, downregulates chemokine receptor-5, and participates critically in leukocyte adhesion in vivo. Consequently, the anti-atherogenic role of CD44 may require CD44-deficiency on cell types other than inflammatory cells in the LDL receptor-deficient mouse model.

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Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Neuroinflammation Panel 1 Human Kit
CRP, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, FGF (basic), ICAM-1, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, PlGF, SAA, TARC, Tie-2, TNF-α, TNF-β, VCAM-1, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Cytokine Panel 1 NHP Kit
GM-CSF, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX NHP Cytokine 24-Plex Kit
Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX NHP IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX NHP IL-5 Kit
IL-5 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX NHP IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Cytokine Panel 1 NHP Kit
GM-CSF, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP Cytokine 24-Plex Kit
Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-5 Kit
IL-5 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
Human IL-2 Antibody
IL-2
Human IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Human IL-5 Antibody
IL-5
Human IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Mouse IL-2 Antibody
IL-2
Mouse IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Mouse IL-5 Antibody
IL-5
Mouse IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Rat IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Rat IL-5 Antibody
IL-5
Rat IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
V-PLEX Cytokine Panel 1 Human Kit
GM-CSF, IL-1α, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human IL-5 Kit
IL-5 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-5 Kit
IL-5 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
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