Mutual antagonistic relationship between prostaglandin E(2) and IFN-gamma: Implications for rheumatoid arthritis.

Mathieu, M.C., Lord-Dufour, S., Bernier, V., Boie, Y., Burch, J.D., Clark, P., Denis, D., Han, Y., Mortimer, J.R., Therien, A.G.
Journal   Eur J Immunol.
Species  
Analytes Measured   IL-12 Total , IP-10
Matrix Tested   Plasma, fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) cell culture supernatants
Year   2008
Volume   38
Page Numbers   1900-12
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines
Abstract
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is a major mediator of inflammation and is present at high concentrations in the synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. PGE(2), acting through the EP4 receptor, has both pro- and anti-inflammatory roles in vivo. To shed light on this dual role of PGE(2), we investigated its effects in whole blood and in primary human fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Gene expression analysis in human leukocytes, confirmed at the protein level, revealed an EP4-dependent inhibition of the expression of genes involved in the IFN-gamma-activation pathway, including IFN-gamma itself. This effect of the PGE(2)/EP4 axis on IFN-gamma is a reciprocal phenomenon since IFN-gamma blocks PGE(2) release and blocks EP receptor expression. The mutually antagonistic relationship between IFN-gamma and PGE(2) extends to downstream cytokine and chemokine release; PGE(2) counters the effects of IFN-gamma, on the release of IP-10, IL-8, TNF-alpha and IL-1beta. To gain further insight into IFN-gamma-mediated cellular events in RA, we assessed the effects of IFN-gamma on gene expression in FLS. We observed an IFN-gamma-dependent up-regulation of macrophage-attracting chemokines, and down-regulation of metalloprotease expression. These results suggest the existence of a mutually antagonistic relationship between PGE(2) and IFN-gamma, which may represent a fundamental mechanism of immune control in diseases such as RA.

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Human IL-12 total Tissue Culture Kit
IL-12 (total) | Human
Singleplex
Mouse IL-12 total Tissue Culture Kit
IL-12 (total) | Mouse
Singleplex
Mouse IL-12 total Ultra-Sensitive Kit
IL-12 (total) | Mouse
Singleplex
Mouse TH1/TH2 9-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12 (total), KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
MA6000 Human IP-10 384 Tissue Culture Kit
IP-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse Cytokine 29-Plex Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17C, IL-17E/IL-25, IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27p28/IL-30, IL-31, IL-33, IP-10, KC/GRO, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-2, MIP-3α, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
U-PLEX Biomarker Group 1 NHP Assays
CTACK, ENA-78, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-2, Eotaxin-3, FLT3L, Fractalkine, G-CSF, GM-CSF, GRO-α, I-309, IFN-α2a, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1RA, IL-2, IL-2Rα, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17F, IL-18, IL-22, IL-23, IP-10, I-TAC, MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MCP-4, M-CSF, MDC, MIF, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, MIP-3α, MIP-3β, MIP-5, SDF-1α, TARC, TGF-β1, TGF-β2, TGF-β3, TNF-α, TNF-β, TPO, TRAIL, VEGF-A, YKL-40 | Non-human primate
Mouse IP-10 Antibody
IP-10 | Mouse
V-PLEX Plus Mouse Cytokine 29-Plex Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17C, IL-17E/IL-25, IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27p28/IL-30, IL-31, IL-33, IP-10, KC/GRO, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-2, MIP-3α, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
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