Concurrent decrease in IL-10 with development of immune-related adverse events in a patient treated with anti-CTLA-4 therapy.

Sun, J., Schiffman, J., Raghunath, A., Ng Tang, D., Chen, H., Sharma, P.
Journal   Cancer Immun.
Species  
Analytes Measured   IL-10 , IL-2 , IL-4
Matrix Tested   Plasma
Year   2008
Volume   8
Page Numbers  
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines
Abstract
The cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) molecule on T cells acts to maintain homeostasis by regulating the proliferation of recently activated T cells. Blockade of CTLA-4 by anti-CTLA-4 antibody enhances T cell responses and has elicited significant tumor regression in some cancer patients. Clinical trials are ongoing to investigate the efficacy of anti-CTLA-4 antibody as a cancer therapeutic. Reports from several clinical trials have documented the occurrence of adverse events in patients treated with anti-CTLA-4 antibody which have some similarities with autoimmune conditions and have been termed immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Most irAEs are reversible with corticosteroid therapy. Some investigators suggest that irAEs occur in the same patients who have anti-tumor responses as a result of the anti-CTLA-4 antibody. Immunologic mechanisms to explain why irAEs occur in some patients have not been reported. Here we report that bladder cancer patients treated with anti-CTLA-4 antibody have increased levels of the Th1 cytokine IFN-gamma detected in plasma samples. Although IFN-gamma is a potent anti-tumor and inflammatory cytokine, increased levels of IFN-gamma were not associated with irAEs in our patients. However, in one patient who experienced an irAE consisting of ischemic papillopathy and optic neuritis, we documented high pre-therapy levels of the Th2 cytokine IL-10 which decreased after treatment with anti-CTLA-4 antibody. The decrease in plasma IL-10 concentration coincided with the patient's irAE. We propose that decreased levels of IL-10 after treatment with anti-CTLA-4 therapy may be responsible for irAEs in some patients and needs to be further investigated in larger studies.

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Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP Cytokine 24-Plex Kit
Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
Human IL-2 Antibody
IL-2
Human IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Human IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Mouse IL-2 Antibody
IL-2
Mouse IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Mouse IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
Rat IL-4 Antibody
IL-4
Rat IL-10 Antibody
IL-10
V-PLEX Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-2 Kit
IL-2 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-4 Kit
IL-4 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Rat IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Rat
Singleplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Rat IL-10 Kit
IL-10 | Rat
Singleplex
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Rat Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Rat
Human ProInflammatory 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human ProInflammatory 9-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human TH1/TH2 10-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human TH1/TH2 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13 | Human
Multiplex
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