Bifidobacterium infantis 35624 modulates host inflammatory processes beyond the gut.

Groeger D, O'Mahony L, Murphy EF, Bourke JF, Dinan TG, Kiely B, Shanahan F, Quigley EM.
Journal   Gut Microbes.
Species  
Analytes Measured   CRP , IL-6
Matrix Tested   Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) culture supernatants, plasma
Year   2013
Volume   4
Page Numbers   4
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines
Abstract
Certain therapeutic microbes, including Bifidobacteria infantis (B. infantis) 35624 exert beneficial immunoregulatory effects by mimicking commensal-immune interactions; however, the value of these effects in patients with non-gastrointestinal inflammatory conditions remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the impact of oral administration of B. infantis 35624, for 6‒8 weeks on inflammatory biomarker and plasma cytokine levels in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) (n = 22), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) (n = 48) and psoriasis (n = 26) in three separate randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled interventions. Additionally, the effect of B. infantis 35624 on immunological biomarkers in healthy subjects (n = 22) was assessed. At baseline, both gastrointestinal (UC) and non-gastrointestinal (CFS and psoriasis) patients had significantly increased plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) compared with healthy volunteers. B. infantis 35624 feeding resulted in reduced plasma CRP levels in all three inflammatory disorders compared with placebo. Interestingly, plasma TNF-α was reduced in CFS and psoriasis while IL-6 was reduced in UC and CFS. Furthermore, in healthy subjects, LPS-stimulated TNF-α and IL-6 secretion by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was significantly reduced in the B. infantis 35624-treated groups compared with placebo following eight weeks of feeding. These results demonstrate the ability of this microbe to reduce systemic pro-inflammatory biomarkers in both gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal conditions. In conclusion, these data show that the immunomodulatory effects of the microbiota in humans are not limited to the mucosal immune system but extend to the systemic immune system.

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IL-6
V-PLEX Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Human Proinflammatory Panel I (4-Plex)
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human Proinflammatory Panel II (4-Plex)
IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Mouse IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Cytokine 30-Plex Kit
Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-α, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Proinflam. Panel I (4-Plex)
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Proinflam. Panel II (4-Plex)
IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Rat IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Rat
Singleplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
V-PLEX Rat IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Rat
Singleplex
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Human Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-α | Human
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Mouse Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Proinflammatory Panel 1 Rat Control Pack
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Rat
Human ProInflammatory-4 II Tissue Culture Kit
IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human IL-6 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-6 | Human
Singleplex
Human ProInflammatory 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human ProInflammatory 9-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Human ProInflammatory-4 I Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α | Human
Multiplex
Canine ProInflammatory Panel 3 Ultra-Sensitive Kit
IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α | Canine
Multiplex
MA6000 Rat IL-6 384 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-6 | Rat
Singleplex
Mouse ProInflammatory 7-Plex Tissue Culture Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
MA6000 Mouse IL-6 384 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-6 | Mouse
Singleplex
MS6000 Human ProInflammatory-4 II 384 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-6, IL-8 | Human
Multiplex
Mouse IL-6 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-6 | Mouse
Singleplex
V-PLEX Mouse Cytokine 29-Plex Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17C, IL-17E/IL-25, IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27p28/IL-30, IL-31, IL-33, IP-10, KC/GRO, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-2, MIP-3α, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
U-PLEX Biomarker Group 1 NHP Assays
CTACK, ENA-78, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-2, Eotaxin-3, FLT3L, Fractalkine, G-CSF, GM-CSF, GRO-α, I-309, IFN-α2a, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1RA, IL-2, IL-2Rα, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17F, IL-18, IL-22, IL-23, IP-10, I-TAC, MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MCP-4, M-CSF, MDC, MIF, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, MIP-3α, MIP-3β, MIP-5, SDF-1α, TARC, TGF-β1, TGF-β2, TGF-β3, TNF-α, TNF-β, TPO, TRAIL, VEGF-A, YKL-40 | Non-human primate
MA6000 Human IL-6 384 Tissue Culture Kit
IL-6 | Human
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Mouse Cytokine 29-Plex Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-17A/F, IL-17C, IL-17E/IL-25, IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27p28/IL-30, IL-31, IL-33, IP-10, KC/GRO, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-2, MIP-3α, TNF-α | Mouse
Multiplex
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