Tumor necrosis factor-alpha regulates inflammatory and mesenchymal responses via mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, p38, and nuclear factor kappaB in human endometriotic epithelial cells.

Grund, E.M., Kagan, D., Tran, C.A., Zeitvogel, A., Starzinski-Powitz, A., Nataraja, S., Palmer, S.S.
Journal   Mol Pharmacol.
Species  
Analytes Measured   Akt , GM-CSF , IL-6 , IL-8 , MCP-1 , p38
Matrix Tested   Cell culture supernatants
Year   2008
Volume   73
Page Numbers   1394-404
Application   Cytokines and Chemokines , Phosphoproteins
Abstract
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is central to the endometriotic disease process. TNF-alpha receptor signaling regulates epithelial cell secretion of inflammation and invasion mediators. Because epithelial cells are a disease-inducing component of the endometriotic lesion, we explored the response of 12Z immortalized human epithelial endometriotic cells to TNF-alpha. This report reveals the impact of disruption of established TNF-alpha-induced signaling cascades on the expression of biomarkers of inflammation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) from endometriotic epithelial cells. Note that we show the molecular potential of soluble TNF-R1 [TNF binding protein (TBP)] and a panel of small molecule kinase inhibitors to block endometriotic gene expression directly. The TNF-alpha receptor is demonstrated to signal through IkappaB kinase complex (IKK) 2 > IkappaB > nuclear factor kappaB, extracellular signal-regulated kinase > mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), p38, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) > Akt1/2. TNF-alpha induces the expression of transcripts for inflammatory mediators interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted, TNF-alpha, granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and also invasion mediators matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7, MMP-9, and intracellular adhesion molecule-1. Indeed, TBP inhibits the TNF-alpha-induced expression of all the above endometriotic genes in 12Z endometriotic epithelial cells. The secretion of IL-6, IL-8, GMCSF, and MCP-1 by TNF-alpha is blocked by TBP. Interestingly, MEK, p38, and IKK inhibitors block TNF-alpha-induced IL-8, IL-6, and GM-CSF secretion and 12z invasion, whereas the PI3K inhibitors do not. The only inhibitor to block MCP-1 expression is the p38 inhibitor. Last, TBP, MEK inhibitor, or p38 inhibitor also block cell surface expression of N-cadherin, a marker of mesenchymal cells. Taken together, these results demonstrate that interruption of TNF-alpha-induced signaling pathways in human endometriotic epithelial cells results in decreased expression and secretion of biomarkers for inflammation, EMT, and disease progression.

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V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 2 Rat Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Rat
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 2 Rat Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, KC/GRO, TNF-α | Rat
Multiplex
V-PLEX Human Biomarker 40-Plex Kit
CRP, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, FGF (basic), GM-CSF, ICAM-1, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, PlGF, SAA, TARC, Tie-2, TNF-α, TNF-β, VCAM-1, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Human Biomarker 40-Plex Kit
CRP, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, FGF (basic), GM-CSF, ICAM-1, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, PlGF, SAA, TARC, Tie-2, TNF-α, TNF-β, VCAM-1, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Neuroinflammation Panel 1 Human Kit
CRP, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, FGF (basic), ICAM-1, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, PlGF, SAA, TARC, Tie-2, TNF-α, TNF-β, VCAM-1, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Neuroinflammation Panel 1 Human Kit
CRP, Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, FGF (basic), ICAM-1, IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, PlGF, SAA, TARC, Tie-2, TNF-α, TNF-β, VCAM-1, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-1/Flt-1 | Human
Multiplex
V-PLEX Chemokine Panel 1 NHP Kit
Eotaxin-3, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Cytokine Panel 1 NHP Kit
GM-CSF, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX NHP Cytokine 24-Plex Kit
Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX NHP GM-CSF Kit
GM-CSF | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX NHP IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX NHP IL-8 Kit
IL-8 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX NHP MCP-1 Kit
MCP-1 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Chemokine Panel 1 NHP Kit
Eotaxin-3, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus Cytokine Panel 1 NHP Kit
GM-CSF, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP Cytokine 24-Plex Kit
Eotaxin-3, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-8 (HA), IL-10, IL-12/IL-23p40, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, TARC, TNF-β, VEGF-A | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP GM-CSF Kit
GM-CSF | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-6 Kit
IL-6 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP IL-8 Kit
IL-8 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus NHP MCP-1 Kit
MCP-1 | Non-human primate
Singleplex
V-PLEX Plus Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
V-PLEX Proinflammatory Panel 1 NHP Kit
IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 | Non-human primate
Multiplex
Human GM-CSF Antibody
GM-CSF
Human IL-6 Antibody Bulk Product
IL-6
Human IL-8 Antibody Bulk Product
IL-8
Human MCP-1 Antibody
MCP-1
Mouse IL-6 Antibody
IL-6
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