Liver TAG transiently decreases while PL n-3 and n-6 fatty acids are persistently elevated in insulin resistant mice.

Scheja, L., Toedter, K., Mohr, R., Niederfellner, G., Michael, M.D., Meissner, A., Schoettler, A., Pospisil, H., Beisiegel, U., Heeren, J.
Journal   Lipids.
Species  
Analytes Measured   Insulin
Matrix Tested   Plasma
Year   2008
Volume   43
Page Numbers   1039-51
Application   Metabolic
Abstract
Changes in fatty acid metabolism associated with insulin resistance have been described in rats and humans but have not been well characterized in the frequently used mouse model of diet-induced obesity. To analyse the early phase as well as established insulin resistance, C57BL/6 mice were placed for 1 or 16 weeks on a high fat diet (1w-HFD, 16w-HFD). Endocrine and metabolic parameters indicated that 1w-HFD mice showed a moderate but significant induction of insulin resistance while 16w-HFD mice exhibited profound obesity-associated insulin resistance and dyslipidemias. Significant alterations in fatty acid composition were observed in plasma and liver in both groups. Liver phospholipid-associated arachidonate and docosahexaenoate were increased in both 1w-HFD and 16w-HFD mice, possibly due to increased expression of the desaturases Fads1 and Fads2. Unexpectedly, SCD1 activity and gene expression in liver were decreased in the 1w-HFD group accompanied by diminished total hepatic lipid levels, while they were increased in chronically fed mice. Our data indicate that the early phase of HFD-induced insulin resistance is not associated with elevated liver lipid concentration. Furthermore, the early and persistent rise of arachidonate and docosahexaenoate indicates that insulin resistance is not due to insufficient availability (or concentrations) of polyunsaturated fatty acids as postulated previously.

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