Renal inflammatory markers during the onset of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Heijnen BF, Van Essen H, Schalkwijk CG, Janssen BJ, Struijker-Boudier HA.
Journal   Hypertens Res.
Species  
Analytes Measured   HAVCR1 KIM-1 , Osteopontin
Matrix Tested   Urine
Year   2013
Volume  
Page Numbers  
Application   Toxicology
Abstract
Early blockade of the renin-angiotensin system is successful in delaying the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and ameliorating organ damage by inhibition of the inflammatory response. In this study, we investigated the role of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) in the early renal inflammatory response in SHR. Blood pressure development and renal inflammatory markers were measured in 4-, 8- and 12-week-old SHR and age-matched Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Separate groups of SHRs were transiently treated with the AT1R blocker losartan between 4 and 8 weeks of age. Urinary excretion of the renal injury markers osteopontin and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin increased in young SHR. Further, renal expression of inflammatory genes was also increased in young SHR. Losartan inhibited the increase of these inflammatory markers. In contrast, gene expression of the renal injury marker and T-cell inducer kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) was reduced in 4-week-old SHR when compared with WKY. Similarly, the T-cell marker CD3 was significantly decreased in 4-week-old SHR. These effects were not antagonized by AT1R blockade. This study confirms the presence of an early renal inflammatory response in SHR that can be blocked by AT1R antagonism. In addition, it demonstrates that KIM-1 does not behave as a pure kidney injury marker in young SHR, but may reflect kidney maturation.

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