A phase I/II study of ofatumumab (GSK1841157) in Japanese and Korean patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Ogawa Y, Ogura M, Suzuki T, Ando K, Uchida T, Shirasugi Y, Tobinai K, Lee JH, Kase M, Katsura K, Hotta T.
Journal   Int J Hematol.
Analytes Measured  
Matrix Tested   Serum
Year   2013
Volume   98
Page Numbers   164-170
Application   Immunogenicity
The tolerability, efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetic profile of a human anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, ofatumumab, was evaluated in this phase I/II study in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). This study consisted of two parts. Tolerability was assessed in phase I (Part A), while the overall response rate (ORR) was assessed in phase II (comprising Parts A and B). Three patients were enrolled in Part A, and another seven patients were enrolled in Part B. Ofatumumab 300 mg was given at the first infusion, followed by seven weekly and four monthly infusions of 2000 mg. No patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity, and tolerability was confirmed. The ORR was 70 %. The most commonly reported adverse events (AEs) were leukopenia, neutropenia, and lymphopenia. No patients discontinued the study due to AEs. Plasma concentrations of ofatumumab prior to the next weekly dose increased steadily over the 8 weeks and did not reach steady state; with monthly dosing, pre-dose ofatumumab concentrations decreased. Inter-patient variability of pharmacokinetic parameters was larger after the first dose than after the later dose. In conclusion, this phase I/II study suggests that ofatumumab provides favorable safety and efficacy in Japanese/Korean patients with relapsed or refractory B-CLL.

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