Comparison of a New Multiplex Binding Assay versus the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Measurement of Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Capsular Polysaccharide IgG.

Goldblatt, D., Ashton, L., Zhang, Y., Antonello, J., Marchese, R.D.
Journal   Clin Vaccine Immunol.
Analytes Measured  
Matrix Tested   Serum
Year   2011
Volume   18
Page Numbers   1744-1751
Application   Immunogenicity
The measurement of serotype-specific anti-capsular polysaccharide antibodies remains the mainstay of pneumococcal (Pn) vaccine evaluation. New methods that allow the simultaneous measurement of antibodies to several antigens in small volumes of serum, and that agree well with existing techniques, are urgently required to support the increasing number of concomitant vaccines delivered in the infant immunization schedules and the use of extended-valency Pn vaccines. We therefore compared a relatively new multiplexed platform for measuring anti-Pn antibodies with the existing WHO consensus enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A panel of 50 pediatric samples (34 collected after receipt of a heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine [PCV7] and 16 without PCV7) was analyzed across two different laboratories using a new multiplex electrochemiluminescence (ECL)-based detection assay developed for the quantitation of IgG serotype-specific antipneumococcal antibodies, and the results were compared to those obtained using the WHO consensus ELISA. For the seven serotypes measured, there was good agreement between the techniques and laboratories. The most notable difference was found between the ECL assay and the ELISA: concentrations tended to be higher in the ECL assay. For serotypes 6B, 9V, 18C, and 23F, the average increases in concentration ranged from 48 to 102%. However, the agreement rates on the proportions of samples with concentrations surrounding 0.35 μg/ml were >82% for all serotypes tested. Agreement between the two laboratories running the ECL assay was generally good: agreement on proportions of samples with concentrations surrounding 0.35 μg/ml was in excess of 92%, and agreement on average antibody concentrations was within 31%. We conclude that the Meso Scale Discovery (MSD) platform provides a promising new technique for the simultaneous measurement of antipneumococcal antibodies.

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