MMP-2 and MMP-9 are elevated in spinal cord and skin in a mouse model of ALS.

Fang, L., Teuchert, M., Huber-Abel, F., Schattauer, D., Hendrich, C., Dorst, J., Zettlmeissel, H., Wlaschek, M., Scharffetter-Kochanek, K., Kapfer, T., Tumani, H., Ludolph, A.C., Brettschneider, J.
Journal   J Neurol Sci.
Analytes Measured  
Matrix Tested   Spinal cord and skin homogenates
Year   2010
Volume   294
Page Numbers   51-56
Application   Alzheimers , Cytokines and Chemokines
We aimed to clarify the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) as a possible link between neurodegeneration and skin pathology in ALS by determination of gelatinase MMP-2 and MMP-9 in spinal cord and skin of transgenic SOD1((G93A)) mice. To elucidate mechanisms influencing MMPs, markers of oxidative damage (malondialdehyde (MDA), 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OH2'dG)) as well as cytokines (tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1ss (IL-1ss)) were determined. We measured MMP-9, MMP-2, 3-NT, TNF-alpha, and IL-1ss using ELISA, MDA using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and 8OH2'dG using HPLC with electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) in SOD1 and WT. MMP-9 was elevated in spinal cord and skin of SOD1 at 90 days (p=0.009, p<0.001) and 120 days (p<0.01, p=0.04). MMP-2 was elevated in the spinal cord at 90 days (p=0.01) and in the skin at 120 days (p=0.039). We observed a correlation of MMP-9 in spinal cord and skin of SOD1 (p=0.04). MDA was elevated in the spinal cord of SOD1 at 90 and 120 days (p=0.00006, p=0.01) and 8OH2'dG at 90 days (p=0.048). IL-1ss was elevated in the spinal cord of SOD1 at 120 days (p=0.02). Our data confirms that gelatinase MMPs are a common factor linking neurodegeneration and skin changes in ALS. It suggests that oxidative stress and microglial-derived cytokines contribute to the elevation of gelatinase MMPs especially in later stages of disease. Our data raises the question whether the skin may function as a biomarker for specific aspects of disease pathology in ALS.

View Publications
Browse Our Products

By Analytes
By Applications
Customer Service/Orders

Scientific/Technical Support

Instrument Support

Company Headquarters