A Proteomic Approach for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Meningitis.

Jesse, S., Steinacker, P., Lehnert, S., Sdzuj, M., Cepek, L., Tumani, H., Jahn, O., Schmidt, H., Otto, M.
Journal   PLoS ONE
Analytes Measured   APP
Matrix Tested   Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Year   2010
Page Numbers  
Application   Alzheimers
Background The discrimination of bacterial meningitis (BM) versus viral meningitis (VM) shapes up as a problem, when laboratory data are not equivocal, in particular, when Gram stain is negative.

Methodology/Principal Findings: With the aim to determine reliable marker for bacterial or viral meningitis, we subjected cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to a quantitative proteomic screening. By using a recently established 2D-DIGE protocol which was adapted to the individual CSF flow, we compared a small set of patients with proven BM and VM. Thereby, we identified six potential biomarkers out of which Prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase was already described in BM, showing proof of concept. In the subsequent validation phase on a more comprehensive collective of 80 patients, we could validate that in BM high levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and low levels of soluble amyloid precursor protein alpha/beta (sAPPα/β) are present as possible binding partner of Fibulin-1.

Conclusions/Significance: We conclude that our CSF flow-adapted 2D-DIGE protocol is valid especially in comparing samples with high differences in total protein and suppose that GFAP and sAPPα/β have a high potential as additional diagnostic markers for differentiation of BM from VM. In the clinical setting, this might lead to an improved early diagnosis and to an individual therapy.

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