Application of deadenylase electrochemiluminescence assay for ricin to foods in a plate format.

Cho, C.Y., Keener, W.K., Garber, E.A.
Journal   J Food Prot.
Analytes Measured  
Matrix Tested   Fruit and vegetable juices
Year   2009
Volume   72
Page Numbers   903-6
Application   Toxicology
A recently developed bead-based deadenylase electrochemiluminescence assay for ricin is simple and sensitive in its ability to detect ricin, based on the catalytic activity of the toxin subunit, ricin A chain. The assay was modified to work in a 96-well plate format and evaluated by using juice samples. The plate-based assay, unlike the bead-based assay, includes wash steps that enable the removal of food particles. These steps minimize matrix effects and improve the signal-to-noise ratios and limits of detection (LOD). The LOD values for ricin in apple juice, vegetable juice, and citrate buffer by using the bead-based assay were 0.4, 1, and 0.1 microg/ml, respectively. In contrast, the LOD values for ricin by using the plate-based assay were 0.04, 0.1, and 0.04 microg/ml in apple juice, vegetable juice, and citrate buffer, respectively. The plate-based assay displayed three- to 10-fold lower LOD values than did the bead-based assay. Signal-to-noise ratios for the plate-based assay were comparable to those for the bead-based assay for ricin in citrate buffer, but 2- to 4.5-fold higher when the plate-based assay was used for analysis of juice samples.

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