Induction of cerebral beta-amyloidosis: intracerebral versus systemic Abeta inoculation.

Eisele, Y.S., Bolmont, T., Heikenwalder, M., Langer, F., Jacobson, L.H., Yan, Z.X., Roth, K., Aguzzi, A., Staufenbiel, M., Walker, L.C., Jucker, M.
Journal   Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.
Species  
Analytes Measured   Abeta 38 , Abeta 40 , Abeta 42
Matrix Tested   Brain homogenates (transgenics)
Year   2009
Volume   106
Page Numbers   12926-31
Application   Alzheimers
Abstract
Despite the importance of the aberrant polymerization of Abeta in the early pathogenic cascade of Alzheimer's disease, little is known about the induction of Abeta aggregation in vivo. Here we show that induction of cerebral beta-amyloidosis can be achieved in many different brain areas of APP23 transgenic mice through the injection of dilute Abeta-containing brain extracts. Once the amyloidogenic process has been exogenously induced, the nature of the induced Abeta-deposition is determined by the brain region of the host. Because these observations are reminiscent of a prion-like mechanism, we then investigated whether cerebral beta-amyloidosis also can be induced by peripheral and systemic inoculations or by the intracerebral implantation of stainless steel wires previously coated with minute amounts of Abeta-containing brain extract. Results reveal that oral, intravenous, intraocular, and intranasal inoculations yielded no detectable induction of cerebral beta-amyloidosis in APP23 transgenic mice. In contrast, transmission of cerebral beta-amyloidosis through the Abeta-contaminated steel wires was demonstrated. Notably, plasma sterilization, but not boiling of the wires before implantation, prevented the induction of beta-amyloidosis. Our results suggest that minute amounts of Abeta-containing brain material in direct contact with the CNS can induce cerebral beta-amyloidosis, but that systemic cellular mechanisms of prion uptake and transport to the CNS may not apply to Abeta.

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