Elevated Cerebrospinal Fluid BACE1 Activity in Incipient Alzheimer Disease.

Zetterberg, H., Andreasson, U., Hansson, O., Wu, G., Sankaranarayanan, S., Andersson, M.E., Buchhave, P., Londos, E., Umek, R.M., Minthon, L., Simon, A.J., Blennow, K.
Journal   Arch Neurol.
Species  
Analytes Measured   Abeta 40 , APP
Matrix Tested   Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Year   2008
Volume   65
Page Numbers   1102-1107
Application   Alzheimers
Abstract
Cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system are closely associated with vascular and neuritic beta-amyloid deposits in Alzheimer's disease. Using one-dimensional and newly developed two-dimensional Abeta-SDS-PAGE Western immunoblot techniques (1D/2D-Abeta-WIB) we investigated the patterns of Abeta peptides released by primary non-adherent and adherence-activated human mononuclear phagocytes in vitro. An overall increase of total released Abeta peptides (Abeta(total)) was observed in adherence-activated mononuclear phagocyte cultures. 2D-Abeta-WIB revealed that the proportion of Abeta(1-40) decreased significantly to 50.2+/-5.4% (n=10) of Abeta(total) compared to 65.9+/-5.6% (n=7) in non-adherent cultures (p<0.0001, t=5.82). Abeta(1-42) accounted for only 3.0+/-2.1% of Abeta(total) and its proportion did not change significantly upon adherence (2.8+/-0.5% of Abeta(total)). In adherence-activated cultures we detected pronounced shifts in the fractional pattern of released Abeta peptides in favour of N-truncated species. The second most prominent Abeta peptide accounted for as much as 12.7+/-3.0% of Abeta(total) (2.0+/-1.2% in non-adherent cultures; p<0.0001, t=9.00) and was identified as Abeta(2-40) by comigration with a synthetic peptide and by N-terminal-specific antibodies. A strong increase of a further Abeta immunoreactive spot migrating at pI 5.45 was observed. It accounted for 9.2+/-1.7% of Abeta(total) as compared to 1.0+/-0.9% in non-adherent cultures (p<0.0001, t=11.61) and presumably represented a variant of Abeta(2-40) as determined by C-terminal Abeta(40)-specific immunoprecipitation and N-terminal-specific immunodetection. Thus, mononuclear phagocytes might be one source of the N-truncated Abeta peptides regularly found in human plasma and are less likely to contribute substantially to plasma Abeta(1-42).

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